Most leopards are light coloured and have dark spots on their fur. Leopards (Panthera pardus) are one of five species of the big cat genus Panthera, a group that also includes tigers, lions, and jaguars. 1. [155], The lion passant guardant or leopard is a frequently used charge in heraldry, most commonly appearing in groups of three. Leopard definition: A leopard is a type of large, wild cat . Some of the confusion is thought to come from the Black Panther which is a Leopard that has a completely black coat of fur, with occasional faint markings. It can run up to 37 mph, jump up 10 feet, and leap forward over 19 feet. leopard phrase. In Peninsular Malaysia, leopards are present in Belum-Temengor, Taman Negara and Endau-Rompin National Parks. Melanism in leopards is inherited as a recessive trait relatively to the spotted form. [125], Resource partitioning occurs where leopards share their range with tigers. 1400-1600)-language text, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles containing Sanskrit-language text, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Taxonbars with automatically added original combinations, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Present and historical distribution of the leopard, It is the most widespread leopard subspecies and is native to, It is native to mainland Southeast Asia and probably, This page was last edited on 31 December 2020, at 09:38. Read on for more interesting information and leopard facts. Leopard, also called panther, large cat closely related to the lion, tiger, and jaguar. In the Serengeti, they are as small as 33–38 km2 (12 1⁄2–14 1⁄2 sq mi) for males and 14–16 km2 (5 1⁄2–6 sq mi) for females,[112][113] and as large as 451 km2 (174 sq mi) for males and 188 km2 (72 1⁄2 sq mi) for females in northeastern Namibia. [24][27] Its white-tipped tail is about 60–100 cm (24–39 in) long, white underneath and with spots that form incomplete bands toward the tail's end. Leopards are the only natural predators of adult chimpanzees and gorillas, though probably not the large male silverback gorillas. This page was last changed on 14 December 2020, at 15:02. While luxury establishments may boast the fact that wild animals can be seen at close range on a daily basis, the leopard's camouflage and propensity to hide and stalk prey typically make leopard sightings rare. [42] [101][102], Leopards are active mainly from dusk till dawn and rest for most of the day and for some hours at night in thickets, among rocks or over tree branches. [143] Gestation lasts for 90 to 105 days. There are seven different sub-species of Leopard which differ in their appeara… [110] Females live with their cubs in territories that overlap extensively, probably due to the association between mothers and their offspring. [29] Surveys conducted at the beginning of the 21st century revealed that the ranges of both species overlap in this region, especially in protected areas where ungulate densities are high and human disturbance is low. Toggle text. Info. They are known for their endurance in the cold, great hunting prowess, and skittish mannerisms. [70][71] Additionally, a 2016 study revealed that the mitochondrial genomes of the leopard, lion and snow leopard are more similar to each other than their nuclear genomes, indicating that their ancestors hybridized with the snow leopard at some point in their evolution. The geographic origin of the Panthera is most likely northern Central Asia. These help the leopard find its way around when it is high up in a tree. There is something very terrifying in the angry grunt of a charging leopard, and I have seen a line of elephants that were staunch to a tiger, turn and stampede from a charging leopard. [26] In a South African reserve, a male was wounded in a male–male territorial battle over a carcass. Leopards generally have yellow fur with dark rosettes and spots, and a lighter colored underside. [90][91], In Myanmar, leopards were recorded for the first time by camera traps in the hill forests of Myanmar's Karen State. Contextual translation of "leopard facts" into English. [27] It is able to take large prey due to its massive skull and powerful jaw muscles, and is therefore strong enough to drag carcasses heavier than itself up into trees; an individual was seen to haul a young giraffe, weighing nearly 125 kg (276 lb), up 5.7 m (18 ft 8 in) into a tree. [123][107] Mugger crocodiles reportedly killed an adult leopard in Rajasthan. "Supermatrix and species tree methods resolve phylogenetic relationships within the big cats, "Oldest known pantherine skull and evolution of the tiger", "The utility of chemical signals as phylogenetic characters: an example from the Felidae", "Himalayan fossils of the oldest known pantherine establish ancient origin of big cats", "Phylogenomic evidence for ancient hybridization in the genomes of living cats (Felidae)", "Evolutionary history and conservation significance of the Javan leopard, "Variationstatistische Untersuchungen am Gebiss pleistozäner und rezenter Leoparden und anderer Feliden", "Two forms of cave lion: Middle Pleistocene, "The Decline of North Africa Since the Roman Occupation: Climatic or Human? Originally thought to be a hybrid of the Lion and the Jaguar, the Leopard has been the subject of much genetic confusion and wasn’t really distinguished properly until just over 100 years ago. It was first recorded in English in 1546. [52][53], Following Linnaeus' first description, 27 leopard subspecies were proposed by naturalists between 1794 and 1956. [35], The maximum weight of a wild leopard is about 96 kg (212 lb), recorded in Southern Africa. From professional translators, enterprises, web pages and freely available translation repositories. Contextual translation of "leopard facts" into English. When hungry, the amur leopard It stalks its prey, creeps to within a few metres, then leaps or dashes at the victim, which is dispatched by a bite in the back of the neck or smothered by a throat bite. [142], Depending on the region, leopards may mate all year round. Lions are wild and have huge mouths with large teeth . [18] The specific name Latin: pardus refers to a male panther. The name "leopard" comes from the Greek word leopardus, which is a combination of leon (lion) and pardus (panther), according to … The chromosomes include four acrocentric, five metacentric, seven submetacentric and two telocentric pairs. It is known for its spotted coat. Prey species in this weight range tend to occur in dense habitat and to form small herds. In Thailand, leopards are present in the Western Forest Complex, Kaeng Krachan-Kui Buri, Khlong Saeng-Khao Sok protected area complexes and in Hala Bala Wildlife Sanctuary bordering Malaysia. However, recent research has discovered this is not correct. [123] A study in the southern Kalahari Desert showed that leopards meet their water requirements by the bodily fluids of prey and succulent plants; they drink water every two to three days, and feed infrequently on moisture-rich plants such as gemsbok cucumbers (Acanthosicyos naudinianus), tsamma melon (Citrullus lanatus) and Kalahari sour grass (Schmidtia kalahariensis). Leopards hunt at different times, and they also use different methods for hunting. The most significantly preferred species are ungulates; impala, bushbuck, common duiker and chital. One large adult leopard was grabbed and consumed by a large crocodile while attempting to hunt along a bank in Kruger National Park. [133] But today many leopard subspecies, especially in Asia, are endangered. leopard translation in English-Afrikaans dictionary. [109], Males occupy territories that often overlap with a few smaller female territories, probably as a strategy to enhance access to females. In Chitwan National Park, leopards killed prey ranging from less than 25–100 kg (55–220 lb) in weight with most kills in the 25–50 kg (55–110 lb) range. The leopard's rosettes differ from those of the jaguar, which are darker and with smaller spots inside. More Fun Facts about Leopards. Leopards live all over the world in zoos and national parks, but … These black leopards are often mistaken for panthers. These spots are called “rosettes” because their shape is similar to that of a rose.There are also black leopards, too, whose spots are hard to see because their fur is so dark. noun a large, spotted Asian or African carnivore, Panthera pardus, of the cat family, usually tawny with black markings; the Old World panther: all leopard populations are threatened or endangered. Translation for 'leopard' in the free English-Swahili dictionary and many other Swahili translations. [79], The leopard has the largest distribution of all wild cats, occurring widely in Africa as well as the Caucasus and Asia, although populations are fragmented and declining. The base color of the leopard's coat is cream-yellow on the belly and it darkens slightly to an orange-brown on the back. [16], The generic name Panthera originates in Latin: panthera, which refers to a hunting net for catching wild beasts that were used by the Romans in combats. Kindersley, Dorling (2001, 2005). The snow leopard (Panthera uncia), also known as the ounce, is a large cat native to the mountain ranges of Central and South Asia.It is listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List because the global population is estimated to number less than 10,000 mature individuals and is expected to decline about 10% by 2040. 1400)-language text, Articles containing Middle French (ca. [10], The leopard was crossbred with other Panthera species in zoos. Leopards have the largest distribution in eastern and southern Asia and Africa. Other facts. The leopards living in the cold … In Greek mythology, the leopard was a symbol of the god Dionysus; who was depicted wearing leopard skin and using leopards as means of transportation. Today, scientist estimate that there may only be between 4,500 and 10,000 snow leopards left in the wild. [12][13][14] 'Panther' is another common name, derived from Latin: panther and Ancient Greek: πάνθηρ (pánthēr);[13] it can additionally refer to the cougar or the jaguar. Contemporary records suggest that the leopard occurs in only 25% of its historical global range. The most common prey is hoofed animals, but it will also eat dogs, monkeys and even rodents, rabbits and birds. Support WWF in its efforts to protect the species and its habitat. [152] Leopards are larger than a house cat, but leopards are the smallest members of the large cat category. Leopards live in habitats where there are some trees. Thanks. It has been hypothesized that the white tips of their tails may function as a 'follow-me' signal in intraspecific communication. API call; Human contributions. [22] Leopards living in arid regions are pale cream, yellowish to ochraceous and rufous in colour; those living in forests and mountains are much darker and deep golden. Although adaptable to human disturbances, leopards require healthy prey populations and appropriate vegetative cover for hunting for prolonged survival and thus rarely linger in heavily developed areas. Definition of leopard in the Idioms Dictionary. It is the smallest member of the ‘big cats” family. In the Serengeti, leopards have been observed to ambush prey by jumping down on it from trees. [151], The leopard is primarily threatened by habitat fragmentation and conversion of forest to agriculturally used land, which lead to a declining natural prey base, human–wildlife conflict with livestock herders and high leopard mortality rates. It is considered to be extirpated in North Africa. But today many leopard subspecies, especially in Asia, are endangered. The scientific name of the leopard is Panthera pardus . Read on for more interesting information and leopard facts. Snow leopard numbers are unknown given they are extremely elusive and challenging to survey. Leopards don’t usually roar as much as lions do, but they are also found to purr. New York City: DK Publishing. It is the only big cat that climbs trees regularly. It lives in Africa and Asia. You might think the obvious identifying feature of the leopard seal is its black-spotted coat. [129] You might think the obvious identifying feature of the leopard seal is its black-spotted coat. [106], In Kruger National Park, most leopards tend to keep 1 km (1⁄2 mi) apart. They only come together to mate. [26][125], In parts of its global range, the leopard is sympatric with other large predators such as tiger, lion, cheetah, spotted hyena, striped hyena, brown hyena, African wild dog, dhole and up to five bear species. [38][39], Melanistic leopards are also called black panthers. English. In Sri Lanka, wildlife tours are available in Yala and Wilpattu National Parks. They grow to only 3 to 6.2 feet (92 to 190 centimeters) long. Rangers confiscated large amounts of poison in the camps of livestock herders who were accompanied by armed merchants. There are nine subspecies of leopards recognized today, one in Africa and eight in Asia. Juveniles have woolly fur, and appear to be dark-coloured due to the densely arranged spots. It is listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List because leopard populations are threatened by habitat loss and fragmentation, and are declining in large parts of the global range. [54] Later analysis revealed a ninth valid subspecies, the Arabian leopard. References. Results for leopard facts translation from English to Afrikaans. Leopards retreat up a tree in the face of direct aggression, and were observed when killing or preying on smaller competitors such as black-backed jackal, African civet, caracal, and African wildcat. [129] Female leopards give birth to usually 1-2 cubs. Because of his smaller size he can conceal himself in places impossible to a tiger, his need for water is far less, and in veritable demoniac cunning and daring, coupled with the uncanny sense of self-preservation and stealthy disappearance when danger threatens, he has no equal. [150] The generation length of the leopard is 9.3 years. Snow leopards are one of the most beautiful of the big cats. Its fur is marked with rosettes. Leopards are part of the cat family, Felidae. Only 19–26 Amur leopards live in the wild. The Amur leopard (Panthera pardus orientalis) is a leopard subspecies. [21] Its skin colour varies between individuals from pale yellowish to dark golden with dark spots grouped in rosettes. [100] Snow Leopard Worksheets. Over 100,000 French translations of English words and phrases. [27][32], A study of leopards in the Namibian farmlands showed that the size of territories was not significantly affected by sex, rainfall patterns or season; it concluded that the higher the prey availability in an area, the greater the population density of leopards and the smaller the size of territories, but territories tend to expand if there is human interference (which has been notably high in the study area). ... "Can the Ethiopian change his skin, or the leopard his spots?" [163] Author and big game hunter, Kenneth Anderson, had first-hand experience with many man-eating leopards, and described them as far more threatening than tigers: Although examples of such animals are comparatively rare, when they do occur they depict the panther [leopard] as an engine of destruction quite equal to his far larger cousin, the tiger. [118][126][129][130] In the Kalahari Desert, leopards frequently lose kills to brown hyenas, if the leopard is unable to move the kill into a tree. [26] The guard hairs protecting the basal hairs are short, 3–4 mm (1⁄8–5⁄32 in) in face and head, and increase in length toward the flanks and the belly to about 25–30 mm (1–1 1⁄8 in). However, no significant association were found between a conspicuous colour of tail patches and behavioural variables in carnivores. Powerful and agile, the leopard is an efficient hunter. Due to the leopard's stealth, people often remain unaware that they live in nearby areas. They climb trees well, and do so regularly. [24][25], Its fur tends to grow longer in colder climates. Leopards tend to take smaller prey, usually less than 75 kg (165 lb), where tigers are present. The Old French word “once” (originally used for European Lynx) is the root word for both English words “ounce” and Latin word “uncia”. Leopards live in a lot of different environments: rainforests, forests, mountains and savannas. [28] [27], The whitish spots on the back of its ears are thought to play a role in communication. Both leopards and jaguars that are melanistic are known as black panthers. It is basically an ambush hunter. Oken's classification was not widely accepted, and Felis or Leopardus was used as the generic name until the early 20th century. Dark spots are generally arranged in rosettes over much of the body and without the central spot characteristics of the jaguar. There were also differences in the microhabitat preferences of the individual tiger and leopard followed over five months; the tiger used roads and forested areas more frequently, while the leopard used recently burned areas and open areas more frequently. [129] Top 10 Facts About Snow Leopard. She died August 8, 2014 at the age of 24 years, 2 months and 13 days. In Sri Lanka, a few recorded vicious fights between leopards and sloth bears apparently result in both animals winding up either dead or grievously injured. A leopard is a member of the Felidae family or the “big cats” family. Another litter was born in 1961, in which all the offspring were spotted and bigger than a juvenile leopard. A male leopard is called a leopard. [49] These beautiful carnivores are the subject of movies, legends, and folk tales, and are common in captivity. Definitions by the largest Idiom Dictionary. Leopard lover on May 18, 2020: Thx for the info. The ground color is typically yellowish above and white below. [9] When a tiger killed baits at sites formerly frequented by leopards, the leopards did not hunt there for some time. You may notice quite a big variation in the color and length of its fur. It is also very comfortable climbing trees. Territorial sizes vary geographically and depending on habitat and availability of prey. [137] Two cases of leopards killing cheetahs have been reported in 2014. There are nine official subspecies of leopards, as well as several proposed sub-species. Leopards are well known for their cream and gold spotted fur, but some leopards have black fur with dark spots. In 1917, Reginald Innes Pocock also subordinated the tiger (P. tigris), lion (P. leo), and jaguar (P. onca) to Panthera. Leopards are graceful and powerful big cats closely related to lions, tigers, and jaguars. Human translations with examples: simone, arikaans, white tiger, facts about a tiger. It is also threatened by trophy hunting and poaching. the fur or pelt of this animal. [115], The leopard depends mainly on its acute senses of hearing and vision for hunting. [118], The leopard is a carnivore that prefers medium-sized prey with a body mass ranging from 10–40 kg (22–88 lb). Males and females vary in weight. Adult leopards are solitary animals. It is sometimes called the far eastern leopard.. There may be a few other fluctuating territories, belonging to young individuals. [88] Some leopard populations in the country live quite close to human settlements and even in semi-developed areas. [89], In Sri Lanka, leopards were recorded in Yala National Park and in unprotected forest patches, tea estates, grasslands, home gardens, pine and eucalyptus plantations. Leopard-like fossil bones and teeth possibly dating to the Pliocene were excavated in Perrier in France, northeast of London, and in Valdarno, Italy. In 1913, an Algerian newspaper reported a leopard killed that allegedly measured about 275 cm (9 ft 0 in) in total length. [2] Four European Pleistocene leopard subspecies were proposed. In India, safaris are offered in Madhya Pradesh and Uttarakhand national parks as well as in the Pali district of western Rajasthan.[161]. In western and central Asia, it avoids deserts, areas with long snow cover and proximity to urban centres. Afrikaans. [93] Trees are its main escape from attacks by lions or packs … Support WWF in its efforts to protect the species and its habitat. [159] In Sri Lanka's Yala National Park, leopards have been ranked by visitors to be among the least visible of all animals in the park, despite their high concentration in the reserve. leopard, large carnivore of the cat [1] family, Panthera pardus, widely distributed in Africa and Asia. Individuals try to drive away intruders of the same sex. They engaged in poaching large herbivores, sale of bushmeat and trading leopard skins in Am Dafok. Neofelis diverged about 8.66 million years ago from the Panthera lineage. Cubs are born a grey color with very faint rosettes. [106] The fur of the young tends to be longer and thicker than that of adults. Trees are its main escape from attacks by lions or packs of dogs. [2] Leopard fossils were also found in Japan[10] and Sumatra. Since 1996, only eight subspecies have been considered valid on the basis of mitochondrial analysis. [96][97] Description . It is an ambush predator, and operates best where it has some cover. Snow Leopard Facts. [117] Kills are cached up to 2 km (1 1⁄4 mi) apart. This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about snow leopards across 27 in-depth pages. It can run at speeds of up to 58 kilometres per hour (36 mph). [124], The leopard stalks its prey and tries to approach as close as possible, typically within 5 m (16 ft) to the target, and finally pounces on it and kills it by suffocation. Snow Leopard Facts: 1-5. The rings, unlike those of the New World jaguar [2], never have spots inside them. In the Indian subcontinent, the leopard is still relatively abundant, with greater numbers than those of other Panthera species. This hybrid came to be known as a leopon. Snow leopards are perfectly adapted to the cold, barren landscape of their high-altitude home, but human threats have created an uncertain future for the cats. [55], In 2017, the Cat Classification Task Force of the Cat Specialist Group recognized the following eight subspecies as valid taxa:[4], The Balochistan leopard population possibly evolved in the south of Iran, Afghanistan and Pakistan, being separated from the northern population by the Dasht-e Kavir and Dasht-e Lut deserts. 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